Save Passamaquoddy Bay

Save Passamaquoddy Bay
3-Nation Alliance

Alliance to Protect the Quoddy Region
from LNG Development

US Flag
Canadian Flag
Passamaquoddy Flag
Scale Baskets for sale
Facebook button

"For much of the state of Maine, the environment is the economy"
                                           — US Senator Susan Collins, 2012 Jun 21


Resources & Links

Tribal/First Nation
Department of Energy
Energy Information Administration (EIA)
Natural Gas [Consumption] Navigator
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)
Department of Transportation (DOT)
Maritime Administration (MARAD)
Deepwater Port Licensing - LNG & Oil
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Homeland Security
Coast Guard (USCG)
White House
Legislation, Statutes & Agreements
New Brunswick
St. Andrews, NB, Canada

Get Adobe ReaderDownload free Adobe Reader software for PDF files.

LNG-related Organizations & Sites


United States >
Americans Against Fracking
Beyond Extreme Energy
        Stop the FERCus. Clean energy NOW.
Environmental Action

Make the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Safe for Americans.

Regional — East Coast of US & Canada

North & East of Gulf of Maine & Atlantic Canada

Atlantic Canada >
Atlantic Coastal Action Program
A means of mobilizing local Canadian Atlantic coastal communities to address their own environmental and developmental challenges. (See "St. Croix Estuary Project.")

Gulf of Maine & States/Provinces — NS, NB, ME, NH & MA

| Gulf of Maine |
| Bay of Fundy |
| Quoddy (Passamaquoddy Bay) — :: Sipayik (Passamaquoddy Tribe) :: Maine :: New Brunswick |
| Nova Scotia |
| South of Bay of Fundy — :: New Hampshire :: Massachusetts |
  • Gulf of Maine

Gulf of Maine Council on the Environment >
Gulfwatch Contaminants Monitoring Program
Contaminants > Nitrogen
Environmental Indicators >
Nitrogen concentrations in coastal waters
Stop LNG Exports from Northeastern US
  • Bay of Fundy (US, Passamaquoddy, Canada)

Quoddy (Passamaquoddy Bay)

| Sipayik | Maine | New Brunswick |

  • Sipayik (Passamaquoddy at Pleasant Point)

Passamaquoddy Tribe >
Sipayik / Pleasant Point Reservation
Passamaquoddy First Nation >
Qonasqamkuk / St. Andrews >
St. Croix Scoodic Band

Nulankeyutomonen Nkihtahkomikumon
("We Take Care of Our Land")

  • Maine

Save Passamaquoddy Bay - Robbinston
Sierra Club — Maine Chapter >
LNG History
LNG Links
Penobscot Bay
Penobscot Bay Watch
Maine LNG Watch
LNG-Freedom of Information Act documents.
Harpswell >
Save Casco Bay, Inc.
Fishing Families for Harpswell Discussion Forum
  • New Brunswick

Google Groups Canada:
Bay of Fundy Connection
LNG, Gas & Oil,_Gas_&_Oil/
LNG Newsfeed — Passamaquoddy Bay
LNG Newsfeed — Saint John, NB
Charlotte County Guide (NB)
(See "Maine & New Brunswick > Bay of Fundy > Charlotte County > Charlotte County Guide")
Fog Journal
Photographic record of fog near Head Harbour Passage, Campobello Island, NB
New Brunswick > Charlotte County
Charlotte County Guide

LNG Bulletin Board (ME & NB)
(See "Maine & New Brunswick > Bay of Fundy > Charlotte County Guide > LNG Bulletin Board")
Ganong Nature Park
New Brunswick > Fredericton >
Conservation Council of New Brunswick
180 St. John Street, Fredericton, NB, E3B 4A9
(506) 458-8747    Fax: (506) 458-1047

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia >
Halifax >
Ecology Action Centre

LNG & Petrochemical Facilities
Save the Bay of Fundy

Dedicated to saving the Bay of Fundy in Nova Scotia

Massachusetts >
Massachusetts Pipeline Awareness Network (MassPLAN)

Boston >


Boston Fire Department
Training Photographs

Why water is not an effective extinguishing agent for Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) fires

Using extinguishers to extinguish a Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) fire

Applying fog spray on a natural gas fire

Coalition for an LNG Solution
(North End, Charlestown, Chelsea, Winthrop, and East Boston)
Fall River >
Coalition for Responsible Siting of LNG Facilities
Rhode Island >

Fighting Against Natural Gas
Narragansett Bay >

Massachusetts & Rhode Island >


Save the Bay


Town of Jamestown
LNG Threat Committee

Save Bristol Harbor

Save Mount Hope Bay

South of Gulf of Maine (US)

  • Narragansett Bay — Massachusetts & Rhode Island

Narragansett Bay >

Massachusetts & Rhode Island >


Save the Bay


Town of Jamestown
LNG Threat Committee

Save Bristol Harbor

Save Mount Hope Bay
  • Rhode Island

FANG (Fighting Against Natural Gas)
  • New York & New Jersey

No LNG Coalition
Opposing Liberty Natural Gas's
Port Ambrose LNG import terminal
offshore from both NY and NJ
  • Maryland

Chesapeake Bay >
  • Chesapeake Climate Action Network
  • We Are Cove Point
    Cove Point, Lusby, Maryland, citizens working to stop fracked LNG exports from Dominion Cove Point LNG
Georgia > Savannah >
Citizens for a Safe Secure Savannah

Regional — Carribean

reEarth: Protecting Our Planet
Say No to LNG in the Bahamas Petition


Regional — Gulf of Mexico (US & Mexico)

Alabama >
Mobile > Mobile Bay Watch
Texas >
Brownsville >
Save RGV from LNG

Regional — West Coast (US, Canada, Mexico)

Ratepayers for Affordable Clean Energy (RACE)
  • BC LNG Info
    LNG in Northern BC: A Conversation
  • No More Pipelines
    Help Keep BC LNG-free
  • Georgia Strait >
    • Georgia Strait Alliance*
    • Texada Island >
      • TexadaLNG*
      • Texada Action Now*
      • Malaspina Communities for Public Power*
* Anti-LNG efforts  
(Website pending)
  • Howe Sound
    • The Future of Howe Sound Society
    • Concerned Citizens Bowen
      Bowen Islanders standing up for the protection of Howe Sound, the pearl of the Salish Sea

Landowners and Citizens For a Safe Community

Columbia Estuary

  • Columbia Riverkeeper
  • Columbia Pacific Common Sense

Coos Bay

  • Citizens Against LNG (CAL)
  • No California Pipeline

Grants Pass

  • Friends of Living Oregon Waters (FLOW)


  • LNG Watch

Long Beach

  • Long Beach Report (re LNG terminal)


  • Tim Riley Law


LNG Danger to Our Community 
LNG Breaking News from


US Territories


reEarth: Protecting Our Planet
Say No to LNG in the Bahamas Petition


National / International

Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund

Coalition for Responsible Siting of LNG Facilities
Energy Justice Network
Natural Gas Health and Environmental Hazards
ExxonMobil-Solidarity: LNG Press
Globe Foundation of Canada
The business of the environment online
LNG Law Blog
Source for LNG Developments in North American Law, Policy, and News
LNG Terminal Siting Standards Organization
Leadership in advocating government adoption of SIGTTO best practices as minimum standards
Organizations battling inappropriate LNG development
Pipeline Safety Trust
Safe Pipelines newsletter
Public Citizen
Contributions to Federal Candidates, plus Lobbying Expenditures by LNG Developers Since 2001
UK P&I Club (Protection & Insurance, marine-related)
Loss Prevention > Carefully to Carry (periodical)
Issue 8 (2005 Feb)
  • "The carriage of liquefied gases"
  • "Liquefied natural gas"
Witherbys Seamanship International

(See also Literature > Books & Bookstores > Witherbys Publishing Online Bookstore)

  • All LNG terminals in the world
    Google Map aerial views:

  • LNG Import Terminals
  • LNG Export Terminals
Yahoo Groups : LNG Safety


James A. Fay, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus, MIT
LNG safety expert

Massachusetts Institute of Technoloby (MIT)’s

James A. Fay Personnel Webpage

Jerry Havens, Ph.D., Distinguished Professor of Chemical Engineering and Director of the Chemical Hazards Research Center, University of Arkansas

University of Arkansas Faculty

Research Frontiers’ article, "LNG Research"

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (magazine of global security news & analysis)
"LNG: Safety in science" article, 2004 January / February
James Venart [Deceased*], Ph.D., Professor Emeritus, Mechanical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB
Fire and Explosion expert

* Died on 2015 July 19

University of New Brunswick Faculty of Engineering

Emeritus Honorees



Public Citizen
  • Downeast LNG
  • Quoddy Bay LLC


Edmunds Township
Fire & Public Safety Education


  • Eastport

The Boat School (Husson College)
Career-oriented education in boat construction, maintenance and repair in boatyards, marinas and in yacht construction.

Friends of The Boat School
A 501(c)3 non-profit dedicated to promote education in, and development of, marine trades in the Eastport area, with special emphasis on support and promotion of The Boat School.
  • Edmunds Township

Cobscook Community Learning Center (CCLC)
Experiential learning, using natural surroundings, cultures and traditions, and the arts.

Fire & Public Safety Education

Fire Science Degree
Anna Maria College B.S. in Fire Science

Guide to Schools Offering Fire Science & Public Safety Degrees



Energy Information Administration
Converting Energy Units
American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
ABS Consulting
  • Offshore ports & terminals
  • Consulting to government

Alaska Support Industry Alliance

  • LNG 101 [10 articles]

American Bureau of Shipping (ABS)

(Ship Classification Society)

Technical Bulletins
  • Transporting Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), 2004 March
Adobe PDF document
American Gas Foundation
An independent source of information, research, and programs on energy and environmental issues that affect public policy, with an emphasis on natural gas.
Atlantic Coast LNG (LNG Conference — 2004 Oct 25–27)
Bear Head LNG
Point Tupper, Richmond County, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia
CLF Conference on LNG Terminal Siting (2004 July 29)
Downeast LNG
  • Dean Girdis

[Also see our LNG Developers page]

    • Director Gas & Power, PFC Energy
      & President of Downeast LNG
    • Curriculum Vitae (in PDF format)
Adobe PDF document
Mustang Engineering, L.P.

  • LNG Smart Vaporization" technology
    (uses air — not water — to regasify LNG)
Northeast Energy
Formerly known as:
Calais LNG
St. Croix Development
St. Croix Consulting
BP Consulting LLC

No website as of Jan 2008.

  • Ian Emery, Maine State Rep. (R-Cutler) 2004–2008. Calais LNG started in 2005, while he was in a position to vote in the Maine Legislature on issues affecting Calais LNG.
  • Art Gelber, Gelber & Associates, Houston, TX
Quoddy Bay LLC (Defunct)

The company attempted to put an LNG receiving terminal at:

  1. Gleason Cove, Pleasant Point Passamaquoddy Reservation (Sipayik), adjacent to Perry, Maine, with an 8-mile undersea cryogenic LNG pipeline northward in Western Passage of Passamaquoddy Bay to storage tanks in Robbinston, ME;
  2. Split Rock, adjacent to Maine Route 190 and the causeway at Pleasant Point, with a 1-mile cryogenic undersea LNG pipeline beneath Half Moon Cove to storage tanks and regasification facilities in Perry. The LNG pipeline would also have crossed beneath Route 190 and beneath a town road in Perry on its way to the storage tanks.

This project was the first LNG terminal project application ever to be dismissed by FERC. It was dismissed for failing to answer FERC's technical questions for one year.
(2009 December — Website is no longer online)

[Also see our LNG Developers page]

Single Buoy Moorings, Inc.
Makers of floating storage and regasification units, and cryogenic offshore offloading and loading terminals used for mooring offshore LNG terminals.
Smith Cogeneration

Donald Smith executive biography
The "front man" for now-defunct Quoddy Bay LLC (above) 

[Also see our LNG Developers page]

Society of International Gas Terminal & Tanker Operators (SIGTTO)

Non-profit gas-industry organization with membership consisting of over 90% of the world's LNG capacity. SIGTTO establishes best practices standards for the gas/LNG industry, and has available over 50 publications on those standards.
SIGTTO Membership List

Site Selection and Design for LNG Ports and Jetties — The publication demonstrating Downeast LNG's numerous violations of SIGTTO terminal siting best safe practices.

LNG Operations in Port Areas

Makers of small craft barriers for LNG tankers, plants, and terminals

Environment, Health & Safety

Conservation & Land Trusts



Quoddy Regional Land Trust
Passamaquoddy Bay-area land trust.
Help save the Quoddy Region’s extraordinary landscape by joining the Quoddy Regional Land Trust today! Conserving lands in eastern Washington County, Maine, since 1987.

Other Environmental Organizations

American Institute of Chemical Engineers
Conferences & Workshops
  • 2005 Sep 11 Workshop: "LNG: The Environmental and Safety Agenda"
    • Abstracts
Center for Biological Diversity
The Center for Biological Diversity works through science, law, and creative media to secure a future for all species, great or small, hovering on the brink of extinction.
Environment, Health & Safety Online

How to Respond to Chemical Spills:
Cryogenic Gases: Water, foam, and fog cannot extinguish a cryogenic fire.

See (on this page):
Government — Federal > Government — US > US Department of Transportation > Office of Hazardous Materials Safety

Institution of Chemical Engineers (IChemE)
An international professional chemical engineering membership organization.
Training Publications
BP Process Safety Series
BP Publications
  • LNG Fire Protection and Emergency Response (2007 Edition)
LNG Fire Protection and Emergency Response
Maine Environmental News
National Environmental Trust
Environmental problems and how they affect our health and quality of life.
Public Citizen
See Public Citizen entry under Democracy
Public Justice
America’s public interest law firm.

Environmental Photography


Marine Life of Passamaquoddy Bay
Striking images of the underwater world in Passamaquoddy Bay.

Environment-Economy Studies

MIT Project on Environmental Politics & Policy
The Economic Impact of Environmental Regulation (1995)
Environmentalism and Economic Prosperity: An Update (1993)
Environmental Protection and Economic Development in New England (1993)
Environmentalism and Economic Prosperity: Testing the Environmental Impact Hypothesis (1992)

News Media

See also News Media > Energy

Downstream Today
  • Downstream Development Projects — LNG
Fish Net Daily News
  • LNG Terminal Updates
Indian Country Today
LNG Buzz
Maine Environmental News
Maine Public Radio
Portland Press Herald online
  • LNG in Casco Bay
    News Coverage about LNG
Natural Gas Intelligence
  • North American LNG Import Terminals
    Status of Proposed and Existing Facilities
Pine Tree Watchdog
  • Maine Center for Public Interest Reporting
WERU FM Radio — 89.9 Blue Hill / 102.9 Bangor
  • RadioActive — grassroots environmental & social justice news radio journal aired on WERU.
Bangor Daily News
491 Main Street, PO Box 1329
Bangor, ME 04402-1329
Toll-Free From Maine: 1-800-432-7964

Courier Weekend See The Saint Croix Courier, below.
Fishermen's Voice, The
One Wing Publishing, Inc.
PO Box 253, Gouldsboro, Maine  04607
Indian Country Today
3059 Seneca Turnpike
Canastota, NY 13032
Quoddy Tides, The
123 Water St., PO Box 213
Eastport, Maine 04631
Saint Croix Courier / Courier Weekend
47 Milltown Boulevard
St. Stephen, NB
(506) 466-3220
The Cutting Edge
Brings together some of the biggest names in enterprise and investigative journalism and advocacy journalism.
  • Energy
Downstream Today
  • Downstream Development Projects — LNG
LNG Buzz
The Oil Drum
  • The Cold Facts About a Hot Commodity: LNG

White Papers

VanNess Feldman Attorneys at Law

Adobe PDF documentLNG: FERC Asserts Control; CPUC Questioned Historic Oversight Authority (PDF document, 3 pages, Jun 2004)

LNG Terminal Siting Standards Organization
LNG safety & need: NEPA & states trump FERC (2008 Mar 26)


Documents & Reports

Algerian LNG Plant Explosion
Fact Sheet prepared by California Energy Commission Staff

2004 Algeria Fact Sheet

Oil Tanker Posavina’s single-hull ruptured by tug in Chelsea Creek, Boston Harbor — 8 June 2000

MA DEP site — go down page to
"Specific Sites > Posavina Oil Tanker"

Overall Spill & Cleanup Pictures

Photo of Hole in Hull

Gov’t Barriers to Reporting on Hazards of a proposed LNG terminal

Adobe PDF document "Government Studies Vanish From Reporters’ View", by Bill Finch, environment editor for the Mobile Register (PDF file)
An account of the US Department of Energy withholding LNG hazard and risk reports.
Published Summer 2004 by The Nieman Foundation for Journalism at Harvard University
Nieman Reports, Vol. 58 No. 2 — "The Energy Beat: Words and Reflections: War and Terror," Pages 20 – 22
Irving Oil Saint John, NB, LNG Terminal Environmental Impact Statement, "Liquefied Natural Gas Marine Terminal & Multi-Purpose Pier" Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency page containing links to separate PDF files for each section of the document. This PDF document is over 740 pages long.

PDF fileState of the Markets Report 2009, Item No.: A-3 — FERC, 2010 Apr 15
Natural Gas Pipelines
PDF fileKnowing and Protecting Your Rights When an Interstate Gas Pipeline Comes to Your Community: A Legal and Practical Guide for States, Local Government Units, Non-Governmental Organizations and Landowners on How the FERC Pipeline Certification Process Works and How You Can Participate, by The Law Offices of Carolyn Elefant; Washington, DC; 2010 May 17 (PDF; 1.03 MB).

Alternate Download:


Books & Bookstores

"High Noon for Natural Gas: The New Energy Crisis"
by Julian Darley
"Natural Gas in Crisis: How Power Companies Can Keep The Lights On," by Peter R. Savage, 2005 Nov.
Whitherbys Publishing Online Bookstore

(See also LNG-related Organizations & Sites > National / International > Seamanship International)

Shipping Publications: Tankers Gas,LPG & LNG (Over 40 publications)

  • Seamanship International
    • Maritime Training & Reference Software, Books, CD-ROMs, eBooks, CBT
Zeus Development Corporation / LNG Express
LNG Receiving and Regasification Terminals (Updated Edition) US$997.00 each
This Book Report’s Table of Contents (available free at link shown) shows what is involved in all aspects of the LNG industry.


Government — Tribal/First Nation

Joint Tribal Council

Indian Township Passamaquoddy Reservation
Pleasant Point Passamaquoddy Reservation - Sipayik


Passamaquoddy First Nation at Qonasqamkuk

St. Croix Schoodic Band of Passamaquoddy,
Passamaquoddy Recognition Group Inc.


Government — Federal

Government — Canada
Government — US


Irving Oil Saint John, NB, LNG Terminal Environmental Impact Statement

Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency page containing links to separate PDF files for each section of the document. This PDF document is over 740 pages long.
Natural Resources Canada    
  • Canadian LNG Import and Export Projects Update

US Department of Energy (DOE)

Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration
Official Energy Statistics
Natural Gas
Natural Gas Navigator
(Compare Gas Consumption Data)
International Natural Gas and Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Imports and Exports
Country Analysis Briefs

Natural Gas
United States

Natural Gas

Natural Gas

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)

Office of Fossil Energy (OFE)

Office of Fossil Energy

Natural Gas Import & Export Regulation

Analyses & Reports — Reports & Analysis, General Information

Key Publications — Quarterly Reports, LNG Monthly & Annual Reports
LNG Exporting Studies
  1. EIA Analysis, 2012 Jan (PDF; 2.48 MB)
  1. NERA Economic Consulting Analysis, 2012 Dec 3 (PDF; 4 MB)

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)

FERC — Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

LNG Overview

LNG Overview

LNG-related links, beginning with "What is LNG...?"

What is LNG and what are some of its properties?
Environmental Impact Statements (EISs) — LNG Projects

PDF fileState of the Markets Report 2009, Item No.: A-3 — FERC, 2010 Apr 15

US Department of Transportation (DOT)

  • Docket Management System

  • Maritime Administration (MARAD)

  • Deepwater Port Licensing — LNG
  • Office of Pipeline Safety (See PHMSA, below)

Stakeholder Communications
Public Meetings & Documents

  • Office of Hazardous Materials Safety
    (now PHMSA, below)
Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG2000)
  • Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA)
Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG2000)

US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

  • Six Common Air Pollutants
  • Ozone (O3)
  • Particulate Matter
  • Carbon Monoxide (CO)
  • Nitrogen Oxides (NOx)
  • Sulfur Dioxide (SO2)
    • Lead (Pb)

US Homeland Security

US Coast Guard (USCG)



LNG special issue, 2005 Fall (Vol. 62, No. 3) ep/
?channelId=-18262 &contentId=27816&programId =
12870 &programPage=%2Fep%2Fprogram %2
Feditorial .jsp& pageTypeId =11328&contentType=
EDITORIAL &BV_ SessionID =@@@@1730434120
.1311 638175 @@@@ &BV_EngineID =cccdad
feedllfdhcfj gcfgfdffhdghj.0
Captain of the Port
Homeport (internet portal)
Maritime Security
America's Waterway Watch
Area Maritime Security Committees
Domestic Ports and Waterways Security
Domestic Vessel Security
Facility Security
Office of Operating & Environmental Standards
Deepwater Ports Standards

US White House

Council on Environmental Quality


Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force


Public Comment Submission Form
[Comment Deadline: 2009 Oct 10]

US Federal Legislation, Statutes & Agreements

Clean Air Act
Clean Water Act
Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972
Coastal Zone Protection Act of 1996
Deep Water Port Act of 1974
Natural Gas Act of 1938
Navigation and Navigable Waters /
Code of Federal Regulations Title 33

Department of Transportation — LNG

  • Cornell University Legal Information Institute

Liquefied natural gas facilities: Federal safety standards

  • Liquefied Natural Gas Facilities: Federal Safety Standards /
    Title 49: Transportation, Part 193

Interagency Agreement among the...

  • Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
  • United States Coast Guard
  • Research and Special Programs Administration

...for the Safety and Security Review of Waterfront Import / Export Liquefied Natural Gas Facilities

Adobe PDF documentPDF document

Google’s HTML version of the document

Legislation — Proposed
Preempts State & Local LNG permitting requirements
H.R. 4413 — "Liquefied Natural Gas Import Terminal Development Act of 2004"

Government — State/Provincial

Maine, USA

Maine Commission on Governmental Ethics & Election Practices

Maine Department of Public Safety

Maine Department of Environmental Protection  
  • Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)
    • Downeast LNG Permit Application Files
Maine Board of Environmental Protection
  • Meeting Calendar
Maine Governor  

Gov. Baldacci (in office 2003–2011)

    • State of the State Address — 2009
Gov. Paul LePage (in office 2011–)

Government — Municipal

St. Andrews, NB, Canada

Proclamation against LNG in Passamaquoddy Bay

Official Position Statement


Spam Harvester Protection Network
provided by Unspam